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How to Cite Using MLA (Modern Language Association) Style
Online Citation Guide: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
- Basic Format (books): Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.
- Basic Format (journals/magazines): Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.
- Basic Format (electronic resources): See OWL Citing Electronic Resources
- Name noted in sentence: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263)
- Name not noted in sentence: Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
When to Include URL:
MLA no longer requires the use of URLs in MLA citations:
- Web addresses are not static (i.e., they change often)
- Documents sometimes appear in multiple places on the Web (e.g., on multiple databases)
- Most readers can find electronic sources via title or author searches in Internet Search Engines
See OWL webpage on Citing Electronic Sources
RefWorks: Bibliographic/Citation Software
When to Cite
- Quotes: If you use the exact text you must enclose in quotation marks and cite
- Paraphrase: If you rewrite the original text in your own words, you must cite the source
- Summarize: If you summarize the argument or data, you must cite
- Indebtedness: You must cite any text you read that helped you think about your paper even if you do not directly reference
When to Not Cite
- Common knowledge: Barak Obama is the president of the United States
- Writing you own lived experiences, observations, or insights
- Generally accepted facts: You must cite when directly quoting another source